If not removed on time, untreated bad teeth are a dangerous
Tooth extraction is a procedure when teeth that are no longer functioning are eliminated from the oral cavity. Tooth extraction can be grouped into the following categories according to cause, type and difficulty of extraction:
- General tooth extraction,
- Wisdom tooth extraction,
- Impacted tooth (when a tooth fails to fully grow out from the gums) extraction,
- Removal of extra teeth,
- Primary tooth („baby teeth“) extraction in children.
It is essential in all cases that the tooth extraction procedure should be carried out by an experienced dental professional in order not to damage the walls of the jawbone.
It is highly advisable to replace an extracted tooth with an inserted dental implant straight away after surgery. This way you will be able to reduce the time needed for gums to recover and also spend less time visiting your implantologist.
Sometimes we have to extract the tooth as a result of ongoing toothache that cannot be treated otherwise. Painkillers usually soothe the pain which is a symptom of an untreated root canal infection. While analgesic medication is doing its work, bacteria that cause tooth decay are also performing their „dirty work“. After some time there is nothing else left to do, but remove what is left of the decaying tooth.
General tooth extraction is a procedure when teeth and roots are removed in cases of untreatable dental caries and paradontosis, when teeth have been heavily decomposed and can no longer firmly fit within the gums. This procedure is an example of an uncomplicated tooth extraction. Local anesthesia is applied during the procedure, therefore the patient experiences no pain during the extraction process.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a more complicated surgical procedure, where parts of the jawbone have to be removed sometimes. A stronger anesthetic is necessary for wisdom tooth extraction; the recovery process is longer, sometimes taking up to a week.
An unerupted wisdom tooth (top of the right side in the X-ray) has to be removed as part of it is growing under the root of a molar tooth
It is not uncommon for wisdom teeth to erupt under the third molar and to tilt against its root. Understandably, the wisdom tooth won‘t be able to erupt properly and therefore will have to be removed in order to preserve the original tooth.
Impacted tooth extraction surgery is usually required in order to remove partially impacted teeth. A part of impacted teeth is visible, but they have no masticatory function. A microbacterial plaque begins to build up in the so-called „pockets“ which form around the partially impacted teeth. This plaque may proliferate into an abscess and multiple caries formations. The only way to resolve this is simply remove such teeth. Whole impacted teeth usually pose no medical threat as they are fully ossified and isolated from the oral cavity.
Extra teeth are fully grown or impacted additional sets of teeth which, under normal circumstances, should not be in the oral cavity. Extraction of extra teeth is a more complex surgical procedure that requires local anesthesia.
Primary tooth („baby teeth“) extraction in children. Once you feel your child‘s primary frontal teeth moving it may be time to visit your dentist. Only a trained specialist can evaluate whether it‘s not too early for a newly erupting tooth to take the place of a primary tooth that‘s still in its position.
The timely and painless extraction of primary teeth is an important condition for secondary teeth to grow correctly. Once grown up your children will thank you for the time and effort you put into their dental care.
All mentioned cases of tooth extraction are far more complex medical procedures than primary tooth extraction in children which should be performed by your family dentist.
We strongly recommend not to engage in self-devised domestic practices of removing teeth neither in adults, nor children. Adults often try to remove teeth from gums affected by paradontosis. You would be risking infection, unforeseen complications and your general health in all cases of domestic means of tooth extraction.
Once the tooth is removed, we advise to apply an ice pack to the area immediately to stop the swelling and any possible bleeding. Your dentist will advise how long to apply the ice pack for.
We recomend to rinse the whole oral cavity with a mild organic antibiotic such as camomile tea or a special oral solution prescribed by your dentist.