Diastema, increased interdental spaces

Interdental spaces can sometimes widen between central incisors or, in some cases, between other teeth as well. In some cases, the reasons that have caused the widening of the interdental space recover naturally by themselves. However, that is not always the case and this is where the help of the dental professional is required.

Diastema, or increased space between central incisors

An increased interdental space between the central incisors is often referred to as a jag or gap in common parlance. An increased gap can cause difficulty when eating: fruit peel and solid food particles can get stuck in between and it also becomes more difficult to pronounce so-called dental consonants (when the tip of the tongue is touching the back of the central teeth).

The space between central teeth is called a diastema, jag or gap
The diastema can be corrected by using an aesthetic filling or porcelain laminates

The discomfort caused by diastema can be easily corrected by means of aesthetic restoration at our clinic.

Reasons of diastema formation:

  • anomalies of tooth size and shape, lingual dysfunction,
  • the upper labial frenulum is too wide and attached too high or too low,
  • foreign bodies (tumours, cysts) in the root canals of upper incisors,
  • addictions (sucking on the thumb or lower lip, placing various objects between the teeth),
  • tooth loss next to the incisors or teeth that have failed to erupt,
  • heredity

People treat the „jag issue“ in a variety of ways: some get used to it, others get professional dental help to remove it.

Increased spaces between several central teeth

Increased interdental spaces between teeth other than central incisors is not diastema. Teeth with increased interdental spaces cause undoubted discomfort, both in terms of socializing, chewing food and pronouncing sounds.

Increased spaces between the teeth cause discomfort as food particles get stuck, it becomes more difficult to pronounce some of the sounds
The same teeth, only with interdental spaces filled with porcelain laminates

It‘s important to evaluate the size of the patient‘s teeth and also to estimate the possible size, shape and proportions the teeth will acquire once the spaces are filled.

Sometimes, due to various changes in the relationship between the jawbone and teeth size, spaces start forming between the teeth naturally. Larger spaces are filled by means of porcelain laminates; this procedure belongs to the field of microprosthetics.